The Global Innovation Index report is developed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation, Cornell University, INSEAD and Confederation Of Indian Industry. This annual report is published since 2007.
The report includes 129 countries.
80 data tables for indicators from over 30 international public and private sources, of which 57 are hard data, 18 composite indicators, and 5 survey questions.
A transparent and replicable computation methodology including 90% confidence intervals for each index ranking and an analysis of factors affecting year-on-year changes in rankings.
The GII depends on two sub-indices—the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index—each built around key pillars.
The key pillars are- Institutions, Human Capital and Research, Infrastructure, Market Sophistication, and Business Sophistication. These five input pillars capture elements of the national economy that enable innovative activities.
The two pillars that capture the output innovations are- Knowledge and Technology outputs and Creative outputs.
Each pillar is divided into sub-pillars composed of individual indicators.
Sub-pillar scores are calculated as the weighted average of individual indicators; pillar scores are calculated as the weighted average of sub-pillar scores.
Four measures are then calculated-Innovation Input Sub-Index is the average of the first five pillar scores. Innovation Output Sub-Index is the average of the last two-pillar scores. The overall GII score is the average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices
In 2019’s report India Ranked-52, in 2018-57, in 2017-60, in 2016-66 and in 2015-81.