THE NOBEL OF TWENTY FIRST CENTURY-THE BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE.
THE FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS PRIZE FOUNDATION,a non profiting organization was founded by a Russian physicist,entrepreneur and philanthropist YURI MILNER in 2012.The other co-founders are SERGY BRIN,MARK ZUCKERBERG,PRISCILLA CHAN,JULIN MILNER AND ANNE WOJCICKI.
The FOUNDATION AWARDS the BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE in the field of PHYSICS,LIFE SCIENCES in 2013 and MATHEMATICS in 2014.The other awards given by the foundation are SPECIAL BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE and NEW HORIZONS in PHYSICS.
AWARD MONEY and NOMINATIONS-The prize money is the double the amount of the NOBEL PRIZE.If a nominee is not awarded then the same person is automatically re-nominated for the next five years.
WINNERS OF 2019-
BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE IN FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS-EUGENE MELE AND CHARLES KANE.
CONTRIBUTION-New ideas about topology and symmetry in physics, leading to the prediction of a new class of materials that conduct electricity only on their surface.
SPECIAL BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE IN FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS-JOCELYN BELL BURNELL.
CONTRIBUTION-For fundamental contributions to the discovery of pulsars, and a lifetime of inspiring leadership in the scientific community
BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS-VINCENT LAFFORGUE.
CONTRIBUTION-For ground breaking contributions to several areas of mathematics, in particular to the Langlands program in the function field case.
BREAKTHROUGH PRIZE IN LIFE SCIENCES-C.FRANK BENNETT,ADRIAN.R.KRAINER,ANGELIKA AMON,XIAOWEI ZHUANG AND ZHIJIAN “JAMES” CHEN.
CONTRIBUTION- ADRIAN.R.KRAINER AND C.FRANK BENNETT WORKED ON-For the development of an effective antisense oligonucleotide therapy for children with the neurodegenerative disease spinal muscular atrophy.
ZHIJIAN ”JAMES”CHEN-For elucidating how DNA triggers immune and autoimmune responses from the interior of a cell through the discovery of the DNA-sensing enzyme cGAS.
ANGELIKA AMON WORKED-For determining the consequences of aneuploidy, an abnormal chromosome number resulting from chromosome mis-segregation.
XIAOWEI ZHUANG WORKED-For discovering hidden structures in cells by developing super-resolution imaging – a method that transcends the fundamental spatial resolution limit of light microscopy.
INDIANS WHO HAVE WON THE FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS PRIZE AND THE NEW HORIZON PRIZE.
THE FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS PRIZE-2012-Dr.ASHOKE SEN.
THE NEW HORIZON PRIZE-SIRAJ MINWALLA,2014.SURJEET RAJENDRAN,2017 AND RANA ADHIKARI,2019.